Venturi effect and heart

The Venturi effect is the reduction in fluid pressure that results when a fluid flows through a constricted section (or choke) of a pipe. The Venturi effect is named after Giovanni Battista Venturi (1746–1822), an Italian physicist.

The role of venturi effect has been liberally studied in cardiology.some conditions which noted to have a venturi effect on pathophysiology include:

In systolic anterior motion (SAM) of the mitral valve in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy venturi effect is thought to play a role.But in many cases SAM began prior to ejection in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy doubting this theory.

Similarly dynamic obstruction to dobutamine can occur with stress echocardiography due to venturi effect.Dynamic obstruction related to dobutamine stress will show late-peaking doppler signal that exceeds the velocity at rest by at least 1 m/s or an absolute velocity of greater than 2.5 m/sec occur in both hypertrophied or normal thickness ventricles.

Rheolytic thrombectomy for thrombotic lesions in PCI involves use of a high-velocity jet of saline solution ejected to create a Venturi effect at the tip of a small catheter.

In aortic stenosis post TAVR venturi effect is being studied for disparity in velocities despite correction of gradients by TAVR

In ventricular septal defect prolapse of cusp can occur due to venturi effect of flow across VSD.Prolapse of NCC resulting in progressive AR is well known as a syndrome.Can you tell what is it?

see comment section for answer !

References

Pellikka, PA, Oh, JK, Bailey, KR, Nichols, BA, Monahan, KH, Tajik, AJ Dynamic intraventricular obstruction during dobutamine stress echocardiography: A new observation.. Circulation. (1992). 86 1429–32 [Article] [PubMed]

Roldan, FJ, Vargas-Barron, J, Espinola-Zavaleta, N, Keirns, C, Romero-Cardenas, A Severe dynamic obstruction of the left ventricular outflow tract induced by dobutamine.. Echocardiography. (2000). 17 37–40

One thought on “Venturi effect and heart

  1. Laubry-Pezzi syndrome. Laubry-Pezzi syndrome is prolapse of an aortic valve cusp into a subjacent ventricular septal defect due to Venturi effect, resulting in aortic regurgitation

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